THE FIGHT AGAINST WILDLIFE TRAFFICKING IS CAUSING AN INTERNATIONAL CRISIS. Criminal elements of all kinds, including terrorist organizations, are involved in poaching and transporting ivory and rhinos across Africa. There is evidence that certain groups then act against weapons or products that are at risk to wild animals. Some of these networks are probably the same or overlap with those that also trade in other illegal goods such as drugs. In 2019, the OES organized its annual zoohackathon, which brought together teams of students, software professionals and wildlife enthusiasts from record numbers of cities in a weekend coding competition to develop unique technological solutions to the challenges of wildlife trafficking. This program supports U.S. efforts to reduce wildlife trafficking by strengthening USG`s relationships with private sector stakeholders, raising public awareness of new and diverse target groups, and strengthening participants in the solution. Zoohackathon 2019 has brought together more than 1,000 participants at 15 events in 14 countries around the world and has generated more than 135 prototype solutions to combat wildlife trafficking. To help develop successful solutions, OES and U.S.
embassies in host countries have recruited technology and nail partners such as Microsoft, Vulcan, Haibu and the Wildlife Conservation Society. The 2019 winner, the Colombian Quantum team, has developed « Good Wood, » a solution that combines hardware and software to monitor the amount of wood transported by slaughter vehicles. Stop wildlife crime. endwildlifecrime.org protocol for combating wildlife crime at ONUTOC had been mentioned in the past as a wildlife protocol, but it had not generated much enthusiasm. However, this support could develop now, especially in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak. In Asia, more than half of USAID CWT`s support is aimed at reducing consumer demand for illicit products through targeted campaigns of social and behavioural change. In 2019, the USAID Wildlife Asia regional program has developed a series of campaigns aimed at reducing the demand for illegal wildlife consumers, based on research in China, Thailand and Vietnam. In China, the event conducted an awareness campaign awareness of the new Wildlife Protection Act and the ban on indigenous ivory, highlighting sanctions for the consumption of illegal wildlife products in urban areas. Offline platforms have gained nearly 108 million impressions and online channels have reached more than five million views. After public and private sector support, the campaign was promoted by magazines, zoos, the Chengdu Jinsha Museum, the Beijing Expo 2019 and the Beijing metro lines. To date, the campaign has mobilized 20 partners and generated in-kind benefits of more than $6.8 million. In a post-COVID world, countries need to consider whether they are taking a precautionary approach based on public health by working to end the entire trade in wildlife (especially birds and mammals) for consumption and to close all these commercial markets » (Lieberman, 2020), because they know that this could increase the volume of illegal wildlife trade.